Ethics: The philosophical study of what is right or wrong in human conduct and what rules or principles should govern it. Hence the term is singular. This is often subdivided into meta-ethics, applied ethics and professional ethics.
Meta-ethics: The systematic study of the nature of ethics. This looks into issues such as how an ethical judgement can be justified and the possible theoretical underpinning of ethical reflection and practice.
Applied Ethics: The application of ethics in a particular area of practice, e.g. business or bio-ethics.
Professional Ethics: The ethical identity, codes and practices of particular professions, such as the professions followed by nurses, doctors, lawyers or engineers.
Morality: Morality often refers to standards of moral conduct – right behaviour. In the history of philosophy there have been many attempts to differentiate the concept from ethics. However, it is most often used interchangeably with the term ‘ethics’, which is how we will use it.

Engineering Ethics: Engineering ethics is defined in the two ways:
1. The study of moral issues and decisions confronting individuals and organizations involved in engineering.
2. The study of related questions about moral conduct, character and relationship involved in technical development


Simon Robinson, Ross Dixon, Christopher Preece and Krisen Moodley. 2007. Engineering, Business and Professional Ethics. Elsevier. Oxford

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